Bonsais have a special place in home décor. It is hard to imagine providing a green touch to your interior without a bonsai plant. Such is the importance of bonsai that flower shop Dubai stocks up on these tiny plants year-round.
What Are Bonsai Plants?
Bonsai plants are a miniature version of full-size trees. Bonsai in Japanese means “planted in a container.” Thus, in this art form, a bonsai tree is planted in a small container to replicate the shape of a full-grown tree.
The art of growing bonsai existed for over 1000 years. It is believed that this art form initially developed in China, which was later redeveloped by Japanese to form the modern art of bonsai.
In bonsai farming, trees are not genetically dwarfed. Instead, they are pruned, wired, and the growth of the tree is carefully restricted to develop the same into a bonsai tree. Most of the bonsai trees are less than four feet tall. Any plant species with a thick woody trunk and a lot of branches can be used to grow bonsai.
Types of Bonsai
- Formal upright: These are bonsai whose trunk is straight and upright. The branches of these bonsai start approximately 1/3rd up from the trunk. The branches at the bottom will be the thickest and the longest with the thickness and length becoming shorter as it grows up. Thus, the branches of formal upright bonsai taper in an upward direction.
The Cedar bonsai, Ficus bonsai, Fukien tea bonsai, and Japanese black pine bonsai can be grown as formal upright bonsais.
- Informal Upright: Just like formal upright bonsais, informal upright bonsai also has large and thick branches at the base which tapers as it grows up. But the trunk curves or changes its direction as it grows. This type of bonsai replicates the style of a tree growing near an obstruction like a building or other tree.
The jade bonsai tree, juniper bonsai tree, and needle juniper bonsai tree are grown as informal upright bonsai.
- Slanting: This type of bonsai has a straight trunk, but the trunk slants at 10 to 45 degrees. This bonsai replicates a tree that leans towards a specific direction in search of sunlight or because of natural forces like wind.
The crape myrtle bonsai tree and mimosa bonsai tree can be grown as slanting bonsai.
- Broom: This is similar to a formal upright bonsai. But the branches are rounded and ball-shaped. The Zelkova bonsai tree and gingko bonsai tree can be grown as broom bonsai.
- Cascade: In this bonsai, the trunk is bent over and sometimes fall outside the pot. This type of bonsai is grown to replicate a tree that is grown on a cliff.
- The art of growing bonsai originated in China, where small trees were placed in a container. The art of Bonsai, as we know today, was developed by the Japanese.
- There is a lot of difference between the Chinese and Japanese bonsai. In Chinese bonsai, the trees are allowed to grow freely without any restriction. Thus, you can see unusual shapes in Chinese bonsai. Whereas in Japanese bonsai, the technique followed is more rigid. Trees are tightly pruned to get the desired shape.
- Bonsai is grown for its visual beauty. It can be grown either from seeds or by cutting young trees. It can also be created by growing naturally stunted trees in a container.
- Any species of tree can be used to grow a bonsai. If proper care is taken, a bonsai can last for one hundred years.
- Bonsai requires regular cutting and pruning to retain its size.
- The smallest bonsai is called the micro bonsai.
- The most expensive bonsai was sold for $1.3 million.
- The oldest bonsai tree in the world is the Ficus Retusa Linn which is believed to have existed for almost 1000 years.
How to Care for a Bonsai Tree?
A lot of homeowners refrain from buying bonsai as they are confused as to how to take care of bonsai. But the good news is that bonsai tree care is not so difficult as expected.
Here are a few ways you can take care of a bonsai
- Watering: The bonsai should be watered before the soil becomes completely dry. The frequency of watering depends on the size of the tree and exposure to sunlight. If the tree is placed directly under sunlight, then it should be watered once every day.
Watering should be done delicately so that the topsoil does not get disturbed. The tree should be watered until water comes out through the hole.
- Sunlight: Since bonsais are miniature trees, they need enough sunlight for their growth. Place the bonsai in the window sill, preferably south-facing, so that it gets enough sunlight. If you cannot provide enough light to the plant, then artificial light like fluorescent light can be provided.
- Humidity: Bonsais, especially the tropical variety, requires high humidity for its healthy growth. The humidity level in Dubai homes is relatively less owing to the continuous use of air conditioner. If you think that the moisture inside your house is less, then you can place a humidifier indoors.
- Fertilizer: Although small in size, bonsais require fertilizer for its healthy growth. You can use a balanced liquid fertilizer for your bonsai. But remember to use half the strength. The bonsai should be fertilized once a month.
- Trimming: Whenever you spot a new growth in the tree, the same should be cut. But do not cut all the new growth at the same time lest it affects the overall health of the tree. The frequency of trimming depends on the type of tree and its growth rate.
Now that you know all about bonsai, you can definitely consider purchasing one. Many of the shops that offer flower delivery Dubai provide bonsai online. If you are looking for a healthy variety to give a touch of greenery to your interior, then contact 800flower.ae.